[eDebate] King's Tournament Aff Cast List (2/2)

P. Anand Rao arao
Sat Sep 27 19:44:18 CDT 2003


Aff Case list (part 2 of 2)

Liberty AA (Azevedo & Autry)
Plan:  US should withdraw the GMO complaint
US will win in the WTO
GMOs spread disease, promote mutations, biodiversity leads to extinction, GMOs cause hunger/famine

Liberty BC (Costa & Belfar)
GMOs
U.S. will win WTO complaint
Adv I:  trade war with EU
Adv II: GMOs harm Biodiversity (superweeds)
Solvency Cites:
www.globalpolicy.org/globiz/econ/2003/04food.htm
CFO Magainze, May 2003, "adamant" "rarely on the shelves"

Liberty BJ (Baldis & Jackson)
Plan: USFG should designate US economic support to bolster the Turkish financial system
Inherency:  low US investment in Turkey
Adv1t: Turkish economy
Advt 2: terrorism
Solvency:
Regional peace, May 28, http://usinfo.state.gov/regional/nea/iraq/text/1203wfwz.htm
Hulsman & Schaefer, 2002, heritage foundation.org/research/Europe/em845.cfm
European Security Forum, 2003
Christopher Frank, Currents: International Trade Law Journal, Summer

Liberty BL (Lundy & Bryant):
GMOs

Liberty BS (Burns & Surratt)
Plan: The USFG should enact a Turkey QIZ. Funding & enforcement guaranteed.
Inherency: US-Turkey relations low. QIZ never passed the Congress
Adv I)Middle East Peace process:  US-Turkey relations key to facilitating the Middle East Peace process.  Failure of peace process leads to nuclear war.
Adv2: Global Stability: Turkey is key to preventing terrorism.  Poor relations with Turkey creates power vacuums causing wars and genocide.  Genocide is the worst crime.
Adv3: Central Asia: Turkey is key to the Caspian. Regional stability is key to winning the war on terrorism.  Terrorist use of WMD leads to full scale nuclear war.
Sites: Financial Times, Jan 18, 2002; Joel Singer, 2003, Khalizad & Lesser, The Future of Turkish-Western Relations, 2000
Russian stability add-on

Liberty BY (Burnham & Yarbrough)
Plan:  The USFG will enact compulsory licensing and experimental use exemption legislation that permits preclusion on patents that are contrary to morality or public policy.
Inherency: no harmony in status quo
Adv#1: disease?plan is key to promoting research to solve AIDS
Adv#2: US-EU trade
Solvency:  Compulsory licensing solves
Solvency cites:  Gitter, 2002

Liberty CK (Christ & Koch)
Plan: The USFG should withdraw its WTO complaint against the EU's restrictions on GMOs.
Inherency: US rejects new labeling regulations; US will win its complaint
Advt#1: US-EU trade war
Adv#2: WTO collapse
Adv#3: US soft power

Liberty DN (Day & Nix)
Plan: The USFG should provide 8.5 billion dollars in government to government economic assistance to Turkey.  We'll clarify intent.
Observation: US-Turkey relations are poor. US conditioning aid based on Iraq angers Turkey.
Observation II: Turkey key to US power projection. US power projection stops global problems.  Unilateralism fails.  Hegemony good
Trick: aff depends on winning that conditions exist on providing aid to Turkey and only by removing these conditions can we improve relations with Turkey.

Liberty EL (Earnest & Lee)
Plan: USFG should withdraw their WTO complaint against the EU's restrictions on GMOs.
ObsI:  US and EU committed to pursuing the complaint and the US will win
OBS II: Rift over GMOs harms US-EU relations (The Guardian, 6/2/03)
Global free trade key to avoiding nuclear winter (Copley News Service,99)
Adv I: ecological destruction?monoculture & pests
Loss of biodiversity threatens all life (Shiva)
Solvency:  Bruce Stokes, April 2003, www.globalpolicy.org/globaliz/econ/2003/04food.htm
Kiplinger, AG News, July 11, 2003
Trick:  removing the complaint increases free trade by improving US-EU relations and preventing a trade war

Liberty HH (Hoban & Hurter)
Plan: USFG will withdraw its WTO complaint against EU restrictions on GMOs.
Adv1: famine
Adv2: Biodiversity
Adv3: BioPiracy
Solvency:  plan destroys biotechnology industry, traditional farmers solve hunger

Liberty JS (Johnson & Shirkey)
Plan: The USFG should substantially increase its government to government conflict prevention assistance to Turkey and/or Greece by conducting a phased strategy of negotiations, including but not limited to proposal of a neutral zone in the Aegean sea.
Advantages:  Risk of Turkey-Greece war over air space in the Aegean
Cites: Schmit, 96, Roger Williams Ulreview "necessitates wider territorial width"
Athanasopoulos, 2001, Greece, Turkey and theAegean Sea, p. 74-5
Mann, 2001, The Greek-Turkish Dispute in the Aegean Sea, p. 75

Liberty JW (Jewell & Weisberg)
Plan: The USFG should substantially increase its government to government conflict prevention assistance to Turkey and/or Greece by: conducting a phased strategy of negoatiations, including but not limited to proposal to a neutral zone in the Aegean Sea.

Liberty JW (Kraus & Lind)
Plan: withdraw GMO complaint
Advantages: biodiversity, famine, patents promote neocolonialism

Liberty MS (McGraw & Super)
Plan: The USFG should rescind all agricultural subsidy increases in the 2002 Farm bill.
Adv#1: domestic farmers
Adv#2: foreign farmers
Adv#3: trade
Sites: Inter Press Service, "trade: trans-atlantic subsidies war heats up"

Liberty MP (Milton & Padgett)
Plan: The USFG will withdraw its WTO complaint against the EU's restriction on GMOs.
Inherency: US is pushing suit and will not withdraw it
Advt#1: biodiversity loss due to monoculture
Advt#2: biotech leads to genetic engineering, reducing living beings to commodities
Advt#3: world famine

Liberty SW (Stewart & Wood)
Turkey conflict prevention to solve Cyprus. Similar to Liberty JW & Liberty JS

Marist AL (Arena & Lind)
Plan: The USFG shall rescind all agriculture subsidies in the 2002 farm bill.
Adv1: reduce third world poverty
Adv2: factor farms
Obs II solvency:  Australia and New Zealand successfully eliminate subsidies
Sites: Sarah Fitzgerald, Heritage Foundation, 2003
www.heritage.org/research/agriculture/bg1624.cfm

Marist BK (Bonder & Kimble)
Plan: The USFG should rescind all agricultural subsidies in the 2002 farm bill.
Adv1: third world poverty
Adv2: Factory farms
Sites:  www.greenscissors.org/agriculture/factfarms.htm
Peter Singer, Animal Liberation, 2002, p. 7-8; 95, 159

Marist DF (Dann & Ferrell)
Eliminate all farm subsidies from the 2002 Farm bill
Advantage One:  reduce third world poverty
Advantage Two:  decrease animal suffering

Marist GH (Hannon & Garnder)
Plan:  The USFG will substantially increase government to government economic assistance to Greece
Solvency: Jack Davis, Margaret Ronayne, Ian Holder, Ruth Tringham, Dept of State 2003

Marist LM (Melton & Lo)
Plan: The USFG should rescind all agriculture subsidy increases in the 2002 Farm Bill.
Advantage 1: Black farmers
Advantage 2: Small farmers
Advantage 3: third world famine

Marist NP (Nocera & Perell)
Plan: Give USAID Ambassador funds for critical archaeology in Greece
Greek Artifacts stolen
Archaeology key to understanding early society
Cites: Ian Holder, 2003; Ruth Trigham, 1994

Mary Washington  BB(Barney & Berry)
Plan: Executive Branch of the USFG will codify the 1991 Bush-Gorbachev agreement on the removal of TNWs from Europe. Verification and transparency measures will be established through normal means.
Cont I: TNWs promote thinkability leading to nuclear use
ADV I:  TNWs increase risk of nuclear terrorism
ADV II: Unauthorized launch/accidents
ADV III:  US-Russian relations. TNWs harms relations.  Strong relations key to preventing nationalism
ADV IV: Proliferation. TNWs endanger the non-proliferation regime
Sites:  Millar, Uncovered Nukes, 11/30, William Potter, 97, 

Mary Washington BN (Nagy & Barnett)
Plan: The USFG shall rescind nearly all subsidy increases in the farm security and rural investment Act of 2002.
Adv#1: trade wars
Adv#2: US economic leadership
Adv#3: farm poverty
Solvency: prestowitz(www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2003/s94.6414.htm)
Runge, The National Interest, 2003, "the farm bill from hell

Mary Washington CW (Rollman & Wyatt)
Plan:  The USFG shall withdraw its complaint on GMOs from the WTO.
Adv#1: US-Eu relations
Adv#2:  Trade wars

Mary Washington DR  (Rucker & DeRemer)
Plan: The executive branch of the USFG will codify the 1991 Bush-Gorbachev agreement on the removal of TNWS from Europe.  Verification & Transparency mechanisms will be established. 
Inherency: Air Force retains TNWs in Europe
Gottenmoeller, 2002, Controlling non-strategic nuclear weapons: obstacles & opportunities, foreward, 

Advantage 1: thinkability. TNWs are battlefield weapons designed for use.
Muller & Schaefer, 2000, Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Options for Control
Nuclear war bad. Davis, 2002, www.waging.peace.org/articles/02.03/0319davisthermonuclear.htm
Advantage 2: nuclear terrorism
TNWs subject to theft. Millar, 2001, www.fourthfreedom.org/phe/t-d-index.php?h:nc-uncovered.hnc
Terrorism kills, Albright, Nautilius Special Forum, Nov 6, 2002, www.nautilus.org
Advantage 3: Unauthorized use
TNWs at high risk of unauthorized use, leading to nuclear escalation
Advantage 4: US-Russian relations
Stent, National Interest, 2003, 
Cotta-Ramusino, 2/27/2001, Forgotten Nukes: American Nuclear weapons in Europe
Russian nationalism impact, Washington Quarterly, 98, Israelyn
Solvency:
Russia fears TWNs causing retention of its TNWS (Millar 2001)
Removing TNWs promotes transparency, Potter 2002, Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Time for Control
Codification Solves, Potter 2002, Bulletin of Atomic Scientist, May 15, 1997

Mary Washington GP (Packer & Golladay)
Plan: withdraw US complaint against EU restriction's on GMOs

Mary Washington GS (Grant & Samantar)
Plan: withdraw TNWs???
Advantages: prolif, terrorism, accidents, relations

Michigan-Dearborne FS (Smtih & Farms)
Plan: The USFG should harmonize its intellectual property law with the European Union in the area of human DNA sequences by enacting compulsory licensing of Human DNA sequences with an experimental exemption and legislation to ban patents on human cloning processes and on modifying the germ-line genetic identity of human beings.
Adv1: disease
Adv2: cloning
Solvency:  Gitter 2002, Berkeley Journal of International Law
Avedissideian, American University Law reveiew

Navy BL (Burger & Lilly)
Plan: currency board to Turkey

Navy BS (Barrientos & Smith)
Plan: currency boards to Turkey

Navy DK (Doherty & Karpowicz)
Plan: currency boards to Turkey

Navy FJ (Freeman & Jordan)
Plan:  currency Board to Turkey

Navy KM (Kindel & Moddy)
Plan: The USFG will enact a substantial increase in its government to government economic assistance to Turkey by creating a currency board between the Turkish Lira and the US Dollar. Funding & enforcement will be through the Department of Treasury.
Inherency:  Turkish Economy is near collapse
Adv 1: Turkey key to Middle East Peace
Adv 2: US-Turkey relations ???
Solvency:  Current IMF model doomed?orthodox currency board must be implemented. Turkish pegged exchange rate failed because it did not have strict monetary policy and fixed exchange rate?both together are needed to solve (Hanke, 2001)

Navy KS (Kendell & Scorcio)
Plan: USFG will enact substantial increases in its government to government economic assistance to Turkey by creating a currency board between Turkish Lira and the US dollar.
Adv#1: Turkey economy key to US-Turkey relations
Solves Middle East power projection
Underview:
AT: Currency Board fails (Hanke 2001, Forbes 11/26 "stem from a slumps"
Top five concerns false (Hanke 2001 Forbes 11/26/01, "subject to external shocks"
Currency Board solves (Hanke 2001, 3/11/01, WSJ "collapse of Turkey's pegged exchange rates"
Hanke, 00, Financial Times, 12/19, "IMF-generated fiasco"
Kurt Schuler

Navy PW (Portillo & Whittle)
Plan: currency board to Turkey

New York AB (Abenet & Boyce)
Plan: The affirmative defends the withdrawal of the WTO complaint against the EU restrictions on GMOs.
The point is to criticize the scientific biotechnology discourse which predominates.  

Affirmative has an under-view arguing that debate fiat/policy debate is bad.  

Affirmative claims they will defend the consequences of their advocacy but not that they are defending the actions of the Federal Government.

New York HM  (Haggwood & Matthews)
We, not the USFG, are the actors. We initiate our resistance by advocating GMOs bad. Disourse & language are more important than advocating the complaint withdrawal  & getting bogged down in free trade debate.
Observation I: Status quo is biotech heralded as planet's savior but resistance exists
Observation 2: Discourse & language are key. Current discourse absolves responsibility, causes de-ecologization, classism, sexism
Observation 3: The Interlude
Observation 4: Our resistance solves.  Move beyond war machine's surveillance & containment of unsuitables. Nature is how, not what, we see. Change language, change society.

Note:  They don't advocate withdrawing the complaint, just that GMOs are bad

New York KP (Porto & Krebs)

Pittsburgh DW (DiMattio & Weston)
Plan: The USFG should enact a substantial increase in conflict prevention assistance including intelligence sharing, monitoring and diagnosis, early warning system and diplomatic exchanges to facilitate non-military conflict prevention.
Advt 1: collective security breakdown
Advt 2: Iran proliferation
(militarized notion of prevention bad)
Solvency:  Heisbourg, 2003, Litwak, 2003

Pittsburgh FM (Forte & Mistretta)
Plan: USFG should enact withdrawal of its GMO complaint against EU's restrictions on GM foods
Advantages: Biodiversiy: labeling key for maintaining niche for non-GMO foods (Pinstrup-Anderson & Cohen, 2001)
Survival depends on crop diversity, Rissler & Mello, 1996
US-EU trade relations: GMO cause trade war with EU

Pittsburgh GH (Hughes & Grandpre)
Plan: The USFG should enact a substantial increase in conflict prevention assistance in Turkey. This will be done via increasing anti-terrorism intelligence sharing, including exchange of linguistic capabilities.
Contention I)US Turkey cooperation is militarized
Solves for the Bush Doctrine
Solves for proliferation
Solves for terrorism
Cites: Litwak, 2003, Parachini, 2003, Bensman, 2001

Pittsburgh GrHa (Harris & Greathouse)
Plan: The USFG should enact a substantial increase in conflict prevention assistance to Turkey. This will be done via increasing anti-terrorism intelligence sharing, including exchange of linguistic capabilities.
Advt1: Iran WMD
Adv#2: Terrorism

Richmond CM (Christensen & McCarthy)
Adv1: better medicine
Adv2: corporate globalization (shiva?shouldn't have corporations control life)
Adv3: Genetic anarchy (democracy is universe of war)

Richmond EF (Fontana & English)
Plan: withdraw WTO complaint on GMOs
Adv#1: trade wars
Adv#2: improve international relations
Adv#3: case renounces the pro-GM folks on making GM foods safe, rather than a junk science which will force the world to starve

Richmond (Hatzel-Treat & Sullivan)

Richmond RS (Seidel & Ryan)
Plan: To assist Armenian, Kurdish and other oppressed or marginalized persons, as well as to recognize the Armenian genocide, the USFG should enact a substantial increase in its government conflict prevention assistance to Turkey by providing ethnic sensitivity assistance
Advantages: recognize Armenia genocide, prevent Kurdish genocide
Solvency: Chris Guzelian, April 24, 2003, The Stanford Daily, "Turkey must officially recognize Armenian Genocide"
Hank Gerger, 1997 (Crisis in Turkey), MERA, December

Rochester BV (Vanykov & Bowser)
Plan: The USFG will enact removal of its barriers by relinquishing sole occupying status and encouraging substantial European involvement in the reconstruction and peacekeeping in Iraq.

Rochester CH (Czapla & Harrison)
Plan: USFG should enact removal of its barriers by relinquishing its sole occupying statue & encouraging substantial EU participation in peacekeeping & reconstruction in Iraq through normal means.
Observation I) Liberation masks purpose of Iraq which is oil
Observation 2: EU participation solves
Observation 3: Euro inflation bad
Observation 4: Iran proliferation

Rochester DG  (D'Amico & Gaskell)
Plan: end U.S. occupation of Iraq
Advantages: US puppet government in Iraq will promote Nazi Germany like policies
U.S. economic collapse good.  Claims European participation in Iraq will promote EURO as the main global currency which promotes global economic stability

Rochester DM (Desmond & Martin)
Plan: USFG should remove its barriers by relinquishing sole occupying status in Iraq and encourage substantial European Union participation in peacekeeping & reconstruction in Iraq.
Advantage:  plan undermines the Bush doctrine

Rochester HT (He & Tsao)
Plan: The USFG will hold general elections under UN envoy oversight for an Iraqi government in one month and gradually turn over all economic, budgetary, and executive power to the independent Iraqi government within one year.
Harms: US occupation is failing, promoting violence, imperialism, and state collapse
2AC runs multilateralism good add-on
Solvency: Chicago Tribune 8-22-03 "quagmire" "transition plan"
Foreign Affairs, 7-8/03 "nation building" "grenada"
AP 9-12-03 "provisional government"

Rochester LM (Lavin & Miller)
US and Europe disagree over patent law
EU feels pressure to allow gene patents
Gene patents kill AIDS research
Patents promote biocolonialism
SITES:  McAuliff, 87, Kenys, 99 (banning gene patents solves biocolonialism)

Rochester LO (Ousayeff & Logan)
Plan: USFG should enact removal of its barriers by relinquishing its sole occupying statue & encouraging substantial EU participation in peacekeeping & reconstruction in Iraq through normal means.
Observation I) Liberation masks purpose of Iraq which is oil
Observation 2: EU participation solves
Observation 3: Euro inflation bad
Observation 4: Iran proliferation
Cites: Elizabeth Pond, Washington Post, Summer 2003, p. 191, Andrew Woravesik, Foreign Affairs, July/August 2003
Aff will counter K with empire against Colonialism

Rochester LaMo (Morosi & Laine)
Plan: The USFG should enact removal of its barriers by relinquishing sole occupying status and encouraging substantial EU involvement in the reconstruction of and peacekeeping in Iraq.
Case:  US goes to Iraq to control the oil and convert Iraq to the US Dollar.  US will invade anyone to protect the dollar standard.  Changing Iraq to the Euro crashes the US economy and prevents use of the Bush doctrine by the US that leads to global annihilation.
Sites:  America's War against Europe.  Yellowtimes.org
Sarte, "The Petro Dollar and the Euro"
Breffni O'Rourke, Radio Free Europe, EU: reconstruction role in Iraq remains uncertain
Mike Davis, "Shock to Awe," Socialist Review (march), www.socialistreview.org.uk

Rochester SS (Syverson & Sondey)
Plan: The USFG will enact removal of its barriers by relinquishing sole occupying status and encouraging substantial EU involvement in the reconstruction and peacekeeping in Iraq.

Towson CS (Saksonovs & Cudric)
Plan:  eliminate agriculture subsidies
Advantages: third world poverty, monoculture destroys biodiversity, WTO

Towson DP (Pelnens &Diggs)
Withdraw WTO complaint against the EU's restrictions on GMOs.

Towson HT (Tuvshintugs & Henson)

Towson SS (Stokes & Smith)
Plan: The USFG will withdraw its complaint in the WTO against the EU on GMOs
Adv1: protectionism
Adv2: Save the WTO
Adv 3: EU-US relations
Solvency:
Smitherman, 2002, Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law, Spring

Trinity DR (Downing & Ritter)
Plan: In order to harmonize its intellectual property law with the European Union in the area of human DNA sequences, the USFG should enact a compulsory licensing scheme and experimental-use exemption for patents on Human DNA sequences. This legislation should ban patents on manipulation of germ like genetics and on cloning of humans.
Harms: Bioweapons, AIDS, Cloning

Trinity LM (Lynch & McDowell)
Plan: USFG should unilaterally withdraw all of  its remaining TNWS from Europe.
Inherency:  Bush won't make reductions in TNWS
Advantages:  terrorism, accidents, nuclear firewall
Sites:  Potter & Sokov, 2001, http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/reports/tnw-nat.hmt
Alexander & Millar, 2003, TNWs: Emergent Threats

West Virginia BM (Burd & Maloney)

West Virginia BS (Barnes & Saggio)

West Virginia BZ (Bossie & Zaniewski)
Plan: the USFG should enact the withdrawal of its WTO complaint against the EU's restrictions on GMOS
Advt#1: monoculture
Adv#2: biodiversity
Adv#3: poisoning


P. Anand Rao, Ph.D.
Associate Professor &
Director, Speaking Intensive Program
Department of English, Linguistics & Speech
Mary Washington College





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