[eDebate] 'education for grownups'
Mon May 5 18:33:56 CDT 2008
first up, here's a deleuzian critique of 'standpoint epistemology'
(previously discussed in these two posts,
http://www.ndtceda.com/pipermail/edebate/2008-April/074789.html , http://www.ndtceda.com/pipermail/edebate/2008-April/074791.html ).
levi bryant. professor of philosophy at collin college in frisco, texas. 2008. (difference and giveness: deleuze's transcendental empiricism and the ontology of immanence. p151-2.)
If Deleuze's choice of terms point of view and perspectivism in particular contexts (notably Nietzsche and Philosophy) is regrettable, this is because of the subjectivist associations surrounding these terms. ... With respect to these connotations, perspective, point of view, or essence is treated as the internal domain of a subject independent of every other subject's point of view and unreachable by any other subject's point of view. Under this popular position - which is just another variant of the cult of the individual - matters quickly degenerate into unsupportable and incoherent moral assertions to the effect that "this is my point of view, that is yours," which are supposed to be democratic and tolerant but which in fact prove to be a form of mastery in which one no longer has to hear or engage with the alterity of the other. Moreover, this strategy fails to see that it is itself based on a universalist perspective that aims to transcend any particular point of view. The claim that we ought to be tolerant of the views of others is not simply one point of view, but a regulative principle governing all points of view. In the worst cases, theory is rejected altogether (since theory is supposed to only pertain to universals), and critical engagement degenerates into a banal sort of descriptivism or reporting of "personal experiences." In our opinion, this sort of subjectivism represents a variant of the constitutive ontological yearning for a lost plenitude, presence, or fullness which would like to deny difference and renounce alterity. Far from preserving tolerance and democracy, such views are predicated on the abolition of difference and alterity. Such a view is that of the beautiful soul in that it denies that holding any position involves the affirmation of some principles and the rejection of others. To be is affirm. To affirm is to select. To select is to exclude.
next, here's a pragmatist critique (intended for "all kinds of
policymakers") of 'the fact/value dichotomy'.
notice, once we release the presupposition that
if something is a value judgment, it can't
be stated as a fact (logical positivism), as well as
the claim that value
judgments are subjective (emotivism),
then several traditional debate practices become
problematic - namely, the possibility of 'non-intervention'
and the privileging of 'cards'.
the mutual entanglement of normative and descriptive predicates
is also explored by frequently quoted 'kritik'-authors - for instance,
judith butler, pierre schlag, and ernesto laclau.
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