[eDebate] more questions about evidence
Richard A. Garner
Wed May 13 08:19:02 CDT 2009
Re: Dylan's question:
On Wed, May 13, 2009 at 8:45 AM, Dylan Keenan <dylan.keenan at gmail.com>wrote:
> Halli earlier said: ?sometimes as a judge/observer of debates i forget how
> hard it was as a debater (especially a 1AR) to make source qualification
> indicts during rounds. being a 1ar in a straight-up debate, it is nearly
> impossible to read EVERY card that the other team reads, much less take
> scarce prep time to look at the quals of each card.?/snip/
Would judges be amenable to this, or just write it off as lazy debating.
> Obviously the aff in this case would have to win that blogs do have
> presumptively now value, but Ricky suggests most judges are "hungry" for
> these arguments. Would non-specific application like this work?
I think that it has to be a little more involved than that, but ... yes,
something like that. And I hear people make that type of argument all the
time. I think that the argument needs to have two components, probably: 1.
An attempt to specify which pieces of evidence and the principle that makes
them citable in toto (a list would be best; another 15 precious seconds, but
well worth it, I would think); 2. But more importantly, a least of positive
and negative warrants as to what is qualified and why that matters. So,
"high school education," ... maybe not relevant, but "no greater context
than we have," maybe more relevant; ultimately, debatable. I think that the
2AR would have a higher burden of elaboration than the 1AR, though within
reasonable and predictable limits.
Re: David's question:
> It seems like the problem with the specific case under discussion is that
> the "true author" was disguised. [insert: refereincing Marburry/Skarb]
I think David's 100% right about his caveat. My posts do not speak to this
question at all, and that's because I don't think that this question about
the deceiptful PRODUCTION of evidence is intrinsic to the standards for
debater's CUTTING said evidence. Any debater would have been well within
their rights to cut the Marburry article, as it was posted to an online
forum with extensive discussion of a specialized topic, and one whose
discursive structure (tonality, rhetorical form, citational structure (i.e.,
an op-ed)) indicated that it was an attempt to produce a thoughtful,
researched position on the subject. That is, of course, unless said
hypothetical debater knew or suspsected that the evidence was fabricated for
the purposes of competitive debating. Against a debater who knew not what
they did, while the indictment of that evidence by the opposing teams would
be legitimate, the debater would not be unethical for reading that evidence
(though they would be if they read it *again*). Shorter: outright cheating
nullifies the criteria for evaluation by subverting them (in this case,
making it *impossible* to properly cite the evidence).
> On Wed, May 13, 2009 at 8:09 AM, Richard A. Garner <
> richardgarner at gmail.com> wrote:
>> This post's context makes much clearer what the nature of the questions
>> being asked were from the last post, so hopefully my elaboration will be
>> more satisfactory. We do our best. First let me state a principle or two:
>> 1. Anything can be read as evidence, as long as it is properly cited.
>> 2. Barring that, the veracity/truth-value of the evidence is up for
>> Only by following the qualification of principle 1 is it possible to
>> fulfill principle 2.
>> The problem is, ultimately, that the appeal to authority is a logical
>> fallacy, as well as bad pedagogy, &c. We cannot simply rely on the fact that
>> Courtney Brown is a an Associate Professor of Political Science at Emory
>> University in order for us to accept the veracity of the following claim:
>> "Moreover, educating our own public about the ETs is the first step toward
>> establishing reciprocal diplomatic relations" (259; link<http://www.courtneybrown.com/publications/speculativenonfictionpubs.html>).
>> Then again, some guy who goes by the single name Kos and posts pictures of
>> his kids on his personal web page is a fairly well-respected political
>> pundit. Times, they are a changing.
>> Which is why my answer to the previous post was essentially: yes, you CAN
>> do it, but that does not mean you SHOULD do it. It's not a question of
>> what's allowed/legal, but what's possible/debatable. The caveat being: most
>> of the examples you cite are patently unethical. Citing a commenter on the
>> NYTimes as the NYTimes is unethical, nor would it be ethical to cite
>> Ornstein from that Skarb article (though I can see why an inexperienced
>> debater might have read that not as a debater making an ironic and possibly
>> strategic commentary on that article, as opposed to the opinion of actual
>> conservative political prognosticator Norman Ornstein). On translation, if
>> the card says its translated, then that's fine, but you should be prepared
>> to indict its veracity/verifiability (handling it as a *critical*argument that attempts to demonstrate the problematically ethnocentric
>> nature of evidence production would be a different matter, however). Should
>> there be automatic penalties, considering that judging between an honest
>> mistake and a cynical debater can be nigh on impossible? I don't know, but
>> think that it depends on the case.
>> So, yes, if you properly cite something you can cite anything. And no, you
>> probably shouldn't. And I hate to be the bearer of bad news for Halli and
>> other debaters who find themselves in the same predicament, but yes, you
>> apparently do have higher standards than a lot of your compatriots, and yes,
>> it can be a winning strategy. Should you cut such poor evidence? No. Can
>> such poor evidence win debate rounds? "The resulting great Armageddon will
>> destroy civilization as we know it, and perhaps most of the biosphere, at
>> least for many decades" (Bearden, 2000); in other words: it has and will
>> continue to do so into the forseeable future. Why should you not cut such,
>> if it wins? Pride, an attempt to hone one's research capabaility, a search
>> for the truth, all these are good reasons, but that's a choice that each
>> debater has to make for themselves.
>> Ultimately, my conclusion is that people need to cultivate the discussion
>> of evidence qualification and quality as one of their debate skills.
>> Practice how you make the argument, the warrants for the argument, the
>> efficiency thereof, appropriate ways to embarass your opponent in CX. There
>> are models out there; I watched Martin Osborn do this pretty effectively
>> once or twice, and my understanding is that he did it a whole lot; most
>> judges are probably hungry for such argumentation (and there are other
>> examples). That doesn't mean it's not hard, even very hard, to develop a
>> good argument with solid standards about qualifications, but making good
>> arguments is hard sometimes.
>> Gordon Mitchell calls for a norm of transparency. I think that's what the
>> "proper citation" qualification above means to me, though I may not be fully
>> comprehending what Gordon's standard means. If it means more than that, the
>> development of such a norm will require more extensive discussion and,
>> ultimately, in-round argumentation for it to come about. If all it means is
>> proper citation, then that already a norm, and a pretty good one.
>> On Wed, May 13, 2009 at 4:36 AM, Halli Tripe <hallitripe at gmail.com>wrote:
>>> I don?t mean to get up on a high horse or anything?. But I will say
>>> that I am saddened and frustrated by some of Richard?s responses. I
>>> will start by saying that I didn?t really have a coach in high school,
>>> and thus I was taught how to cut cards by Gerber and Dave Cisneros
>>> once I entered college. I remember cutting cards and then asking Dave
>>> ?how do I cite this?? Often he would say something like ?WTF website
>>> are you looking at!? There is no date, no author? you can?t cite this
>>> because this website is crap!? Maybe I learned how to cut cards from
>>> super-uptight people, but I don?t think that?s a bad thing?..
>>> Unfortunately, it seems like a lot of people/teams don?t seem to have
>>> the same mentality. I have seen cards in debate rounds that are
>>> barely readable/legible (ie. they were written by a 2nd grader or were
>>> very poorly translated via google-translator) and the cards pass as
>>> legitimate evidence. I agree that in an ideal world we would all be
>>> good enough debaters to call this crap out. However, some people are
>>> clever enough in their citations to somehow make the sources seem
>>> legitimate. For example, if I cut a card from the comments of an
>>> article and cite it ?NY times, ?09??.is that legit? In an example
>>> from the Skarb article, can I cite the comment ?Ornstein 09?? As a
>>> debater, I was always under the impression that what Dave and Gerber
>>> told me was the community norm, but apparently I was wrong. All along
>>> it seems that I had a higher evidence standard than a lot of people
>>> (is this true!?!?). When I look at it from a pessimistic lens, I
>>> probably lost a few round because of it.
>>> I fully acknowledge that the questions I am getting at are NOT ?you
>>> were unethical? accusations or anything of the like?. but at some
>>> points it is borderline.
>>> Inappropriately citing cards is REALLY BAD research/scholarship at
>>> best, and can be sketchy at worse. You might ask ?yeah, but why would
>>> you?? ???. Well, the reason why people MIGHT is that people can post
>>> stupid stuff (but good debate arguments) in the comments, but then
>>> cite the evidence as ?qualified publication, ?09? and get away with it
>>> in debate rounds.
>>> I realize that all of these questions are borderline, and probably
>>> context dependent.
>>> So my question is this?. Should I:
>>> a) Stop worrying about such silly distinctions and cut really
>>> bad/sketchy evidence because everybody else is doing it, and that?s
>>> what it takes to win?. Or,
>>> b) Keep cutting evidence that is reputable and would pass the ?laugh
>>> test? but risk losing from sketchy evidence from the other team?
>>> It is really sad that this is what the activity is coming to??but I at
>>> least want to know what the consensus is so that I can cut terrible
>>> evidence without feeling guilty.
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