Kenneth M. Strange Kenneth.M.Strange
Sun Sep 20 11:57:06 CDT 2009

--- Forwarded message from "John Isaacs" ---

>From: "John Isaacs" <jdi at clw.org>
>Subject: 2009-2010 national collegiatee debate on nuclear weapons
>Date: Tue, 15 Sep 2009 17:58:29 -0400

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should substantially reduce the size of its nuclear weapons arsenal, and/or substantially reduce and restrict the role and/or missions of its nuclear weapons arsenal.
Today, the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation launched an on-line resource guide for the 2009-10 national collegiate debate topic consisting of background materials, publications, and relevant organizations on both sides of the issues. (http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/policy/nuclearweapons/articles/college_debate_09-10/). 
Included is information on START; force posture; CTBT; cost; blast effects; Iran; missile defense; NPT; North Korea; public opinion; scientific and technical skills; stockpiles; U.S. policy; a world free of nuclear weapons; and more.  An outline is below.
We would like to disseminate the guide as widely as possible. 
Are there other listservs we can send it to? Any help you can provide would be most appreciated, as would suggestions about additional ways my organization can be involved in the debate season.
John Isaacs, Dartmouth OE67
Download this resource guide in PDF form (8 pages)
1. Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START)
START Resource Center (Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation), http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/resources/start_resources/, includes:
- U.S. and Russian Arms Control Treaty Limits
- Current Nuclear Weapons Stockpiles
- Counting Rules under START and Treaty of Moscow 
- Arguments for Nuclear Weapons Reductions
- Technical Issues for a Follow-On START Agreement
- START Follow-On Timeline
- What the Administration and Key Democrats Say
- Moderates and Conservatives Supporting Nuclear Weapons Cuts
- Newspaper Editorials Supporting Nuclear Weapons Reductions
- From the Other Side: Voices Opposed to Further Reductions
- Previous Votes on Arms Control Treaties by Republican Senators
- Local Priorities vs. National Interests in Arms Control (Aug 2009)
- Progress on Nuclear Weapons Reductions (Jul 2009)
- Decrease Stockpiles, Increase Security (Jul 2009)
- The Obama-Medvedev Security Summit (Jul 2009)
- Backgrounder on Obama-Medvedev July 2009 Moscow Summit (Jul 2009)
- Will the Senate Support New Nuclear Arms Reductions? (Jun 2009)
- Nukes Remain Top Security Issue (Jun 2009)
- START and Further Nuclear Reductions: Where Are We? (Apr 2009)
- Support for Nuclear Reductions Builds with Two New Reports (May 2009)
2. Force posture and targeting doctrine
Supportive of nuclear weapons reductions
- Sidney Drell and James Goodby, What Are Nuclear Weapons For? (Arms Control Association 2007), http://www.armscontrol.org/system/files/20071104_Drell_Goodby_07_new.pdf
- Charles Glaser and Steve Fetter, Counterforce Revisited (International Security 2005), http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/703/counterforce_revisited.html
- Andrew Grotto and Joe Cirincione, Orienting the 2009 Nuclear Posture Review (Center for American Progress 2008), http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2008/11/pdf/nuclear_posture.pdf
- Harold Feiveson, The Nuclear Turning Point: A Blueprint for Deep Cuts and De-Alerting of Nuclear Weapons (Brookings Institution 1999), http://www.brookings.edu/press/Books/1999/nucturn.aspx
- Hans Kristensen, Robert Norris, Ivan Oelrich, From Counterforce to Minimal Deterrence: A New Nuclear Policy on the Path Toward Eliminating Nuclear Weapons (Federation of American Scientists and National Resources Defense Council 2009), http://www.fas.org/pubs/_docs/OccasionalPaper7.pdf
Opposed to/skeptical about nuclear weapons reductions
- David Cooper, Aligning Disarmament to Nuclear Dangers: Off to a Hasty START? (National Defense University 2009), http://www.ndu.edu/WMDCenter/docUploaded/SF244.pdf
- National Institute for Public Policy, The Necessity of the U.S. Nuclear Deterrent (2007), http://www.nipp.org/Publication/Downloads/Publication%20Archive%20PDF/Deterrence%20Paper%20-%20version%202.pdf
- The New Deterrent Working Group, U.S. Nuclear Deterrence in the 21st Century (2009), http://www.centerforsecuritypolicy.org/upload/wysiwyg/center%20publication%20pdfs/NDWG-%20Getting%20It%20Right.pdf
- Keith Payne, How Much Is Enough? (National Institute for Public Policy 2009), http://www.lanl.gov/conferences/sw/2009/docs/payne_livermore-2.pdf 
Academic/organizationally neutral
- Final Report of the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States (2009), http://www.usip.org/strategic_posture/index.html
- Final Report of the Council on Foreign Relations Task Force on U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy (2009), http://www.cfr.org/publication/19259/cfr_task_force_report.html
- Anya Loukianova, The Nuclear Posture Review Debate (Nuclear Threat Initiative 2009), http://www.nti.org/e_research/e3_nuclear_posture_review_debate.html
- Roles of U.S. Nuclear Forces: Implications for U.S. Strategy (RAND Corporation 2003), http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/2005/MR1231.pdf
3. Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
Supportive of U.S. ratification 
- David Hafemeister, The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Effectively Verifiable (Arms Control Today 2008), http://www.armscontrol.org/print/3391
- Jofi Joseph, Renew the Drive for CTBT Ratification (Washington Quarterly 2009), http://www.twq.com/09april/docs/09apr_Joseph.pdf
- Daryl Kimball, The Logic of the Test Ban Treaty (Arms Control Today 2009), http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2009_5/focus
Opposed to U.S. ratification
- Mackubin Thomas Owens, The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Junk Arms Control (Claremont Institute 1999), http://www.claremont.org/projects/print_page.asp?pageid=1886
Academic/organizationally neutral
- Sean Dunlop and Jean du Preez, The United States and the CTBT: Renewed Hope or Politics as Usual? (Nuclear Threat Initiative 2009), http://www.nti.org/e_research/e3_ctbt_united_states.html
- Jonathan Medalia, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments (Congressional Research Service 2009), http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/RL33548_20090128.pdf
- Technical Issues Related to Ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (National Academy of Sciences 2002), http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10471
4. Cost of nuclear weapons
- Steven Kosiak, Spending on U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Plans & Options for the 21st Century (Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments 2006), http://www.csbaonline.org/4Publications/PubLibrary/R.20060901.Spending_on_US_Str/R.20060901.Spending_on_US_Str.pdf
- Stephen Schwartz, ed., Atomic Audit: The Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons since 1940 (Brookings Institution Press 1998), http://www.brookings.edu/projects/archive/nucweapons/weapons.aspx
- Stephen Schwartz and Deepti Choubey, Nuclear Security Spending: Assessing Costs, Examining Priorities (Carnegie Endowment 2009), http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=view&id=22601
5. Effects of nuclear weapons
- Ashton Carter, Michael May, and William Perry, The Day After: Action Following a Nuclear Blast in a U.S. City (Washington Quarterly 2007), http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/The%20Day%20After-%20Action%20Following%20a%20Nuclear%20Blast%20in%20a%20U.S.%20City.pdf
- Samuel Glasstone and Philip Dolan, The Effects of Nuclear Weapons, 3rd edition (Department of Defense 1977), http://www.cddc.vt.edu/host/atomic/nukeffct/index.html#EONW77
- Ira Helfand, Assessment of the Extent of Projected Global Famine Resulting From Limited, Regional Nuclear War (Physicians for Social Responsibility), http://www.psr.org/assets/pdfs/an-assessment-of-the-extent.pdf
- Nuclear Weapon Blast Effects Calculator (Federation of American Scientists), http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclear_weapon_effects/nuclearwpneffctcalc.html
- Nuclear Weapon Fallout Effects Calculator (Federation of American Scientists), http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclear_weapon_effects/falloutcalc.html
6. Iran
- Curbing Iran$E2s Nuclear Ambitions (National Discussion & Debate Series 2009), http://millercenter.org/public/debates/iran
- William Luers, Thomas Pickering, and Jim Walsh, How to Deal with Iran (New York Review of Books 2009), http://www.nybooks.com/articles/22271
- Michael McFaul, Abbas Milani, and Larry Diamond, A Win-Win U.S. Strategy for Dealing with Iran (Washington Quarterly 2007), http://www.twq.com/07winter/docs/07winter_mcfaul.pdf
- Mohsen Milani, Tehran$E2s Take: Understanding Iran$E2s U.S. Policy (Foreign Affairs 2009), http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/65123/mohsen-m-milani/tehrans-take
- Whitney Raas and Austin Long, Osirak Redux? Assessing Israeli Capabilities to Destroy Iranian Nuclear Facilities (International Security 2007), http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/is3104_pp007-033_raas_long.pdf
- Kingston Reif, Current Status of Iran$E2s Nuclear and Ballistic Missile Programs (Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation 2009), http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/policy/iran/articles/081709_factsheet_irans_missile_programs/
7. Missile Defense
- Charles Glaser and Steve Fetter, National Missile Defense and the Future of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy (International Security 2001), http://www.publicpolicy.umd.edu/Fetter/2001-IS-NMD.pdf
- Steven Hildreth and Carl Ek, Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe (Congressional Research Service 2009), http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL34051.pdf
- John Isaacs and Travis Sharp, Bargaining Chip or Gas Mask? Prospects for Missile Defense (Carnegie Council 2009), http://www.cceia.org/resources/articles_papers_reports/0023.html
- George Lewis and Theodore Postol, European Missile Defense: The Technological Basis of Russian Concerns (Arms Control Today 2007), http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2007_10/LewisPostol
- James Lindsay and Michael O$E2Hanlon, Defending America: The Case for Limited National Missile Defense (Brookings 2001)
8. Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
- Lewis Dunn, The NPT: Assessing the Past, Building the Future (Nonproliferation Review 2009), http://cns.miis.edu/npr/pdfs/npr_16-2_dunn.pdf
- Rebecca Johnson, Enhanced Prospects for 2010: An Analysis of the Third PrepCom and the Outlook for the 2010 NPT Review Conference (Arms Control Today 2009), http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2009_6/Johnson
- Daryl Kimball, NPT: Past, Present, and Future (Arms Control Today 2008), http://www.armscontrol.org/node/2933
9. North Korea
- Siegfried Hecker, Denuclearizing North Korea (Bulletin of Atomic Scientists 2008), http://iis-db.stanford.edu/pubs/22161/064002011_0-1.pdf
- Mary Beth Nikitin, North Korea$E2s Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues (Congressional Research Service 2009), http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL34256.pdf
- Larry Niksch, North Korea$E2s Nuclear Weapons Development and Diplomacy (Congressional Research Service 2009), http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL33590.pdf
- Charles $E3Jack$E4 Pritchard, Failed Diplomacy: The Tragic Story of How North Korea Got the Bomb (Brookings 2007)
10. Public opinion
- Gallup poll on importance of nonproliferation (February 2008), http://www.gallup.com/poll/116350/Position-World.aspx
- Greenberg Quinlan Rosner poll on support for Obama$E2s nuclear weapons policies (May 2009), http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/resources/061609_obama_nuclear_policies_poll/
- Harris Interactive poll on nuclear weapons encouraging proliferation (August 2008), http://nuclearweaponsfree.presstools.org/node/32423
- WorldPublicOpinion.org poll on elimination of nuclear weapons (December 2008), http://worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/international_security_bt/577.php
11. Scientific and technical skills
- Final Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Nuclear Deterrence Skills (2008), http://www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/2008-09-NDS.pdf
- Leveraging Science for Security: A Strategy for the Nuclear Weapons Laboratories in the 21st Century (Stimson Center 2009), http://www.stimson.org/pub.cfm?ID=760
12. Stockpiles
Current stockpiles by country
- Hans Kristensen, Status of World Nuclear Forces (Federation of American Scientists), http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclearweapons/nukestatus.html
Current size and configuration of U.S. nuclear stockpile 
- Robert Norris and Hans Kristensen, Nuclear Notebook: U.S. Nuclear Forces, 2009 (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 2009), http://thebulletin.metapress.com/content/f64x2k3716wq9613/fulltext.pdf
- Amy Woolf, U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Development, and Issues (Congressional Research Service 2009), http://fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL33640.pdf
Historical stockpiles by country, 1945-2006
- Robert Norris and Hans Kristensen, Nuclear Notebook: Global Nuclear Stockpiles, 1945-2006 (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 2006), http://thebulletin.metapress.com/content/c4120650912x74k7/fulltext.pdf
13. U.S. nuclear weapons policy (Cold War and beyond)
- Joe Cirincione, Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons (2007)
- Lawrence Freedman, The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy, 3rd edition (2003)
- John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment, revised and expanded edition (2005)
- Keith Payne, The Great American Gamble: Deterrence Theory and Practice from the Cold War to the Twenty-First Century (2008)
- Scott Sagan and Kenneth Waltz, The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed (2002)
14. World free of nuclear weapons
- John Holdren, Getting to Zero: Is Pursuing a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World Too Difficult? Too Dangerous? Too Distracting? (Belfer Center 1998), http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/disc_paper_98_24.pdf
- Global Zero Program (Stimson Center), http://www.stimson.org/nuke/?SN=NW200707271363
- Charles Glaser, The Flawed Case for Nuclear Disarmament (Survival 1998), http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a780011902
- George Perkovich and James Acton, eds., Abolishing Nuclear Weapons: A Debate (Carnegie Endowment 2009), http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=view&id=22748
- George Shultz, William Perry, Henry Kissinger, and Sam Nunn, A World Free of Nuclear Weapons (Wall Street Journal 2007), http://www.hoover.org/publications/digest/6731276.html
- George Shultz, William Perry, Henry Kissinger, and Sam Nunn, Toward a Nuclear-Free World (Wall Street Journal 2008), http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120036422673589947.html
- Arms Control Wonk: http://www.armscontrolwonk.com/
- Nukes of Hazard: http://www.nukesofhazardblog.com/
- PONI (CSIS): http://csis.org/program/poni-debates-issues
- Strategic Security (FAS): http://www.fas.org/blog/ssp/ 
- Arms Control Today: http://www.armscontrol.org/act
- Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists: http://www.thebulletin.org/
- Foreign Policy: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/
- International Security: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/project/58/quarterly_journal.html
- The National Interest: http://www.nationalinterest.org/
- The Nonproliferation Review: http://www.cns.miis.edu/npr/index.htm
- Science & Global Security: http://www.princeton.edu/sgs/publications/sgs/archive/
- The Washington Quarterly: http://www.twq.com/
News sources
- Defense News: http://www.defensenews.com/
- Global Security Newswire: http://gsn.nti.org/gsn/
Generally supportive of nuclear weapons reductions
- Arms Control Association: http://www.armscontrol.org/
- Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: http://www.carnegieendowment.org/npp/
- Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation: http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/
- Center for Nonproliferation Studies: http://www.cns.miis.edu/
- Council for a Livable World: http://www.livableworld.org/
- Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/index.html
- Institute for Science and International Security: http://www.isis-online.org/
- Stimson Center: http://www.stimson.org/nuke/programhome.cfm
- Union of Concerned Scientists: http://www.ucsusa.org/nuclear_weapons_and_global_security/
Generally opposed to/skeptical about nuclear weapons reductions
- American Enterprise Institute: http://www.aei.org/ra/100001
- American Foreign Policy Council: http://www.afpc.org/
- Center for Security Policy: http://www.centerforsecuritypolicy.org/
- Heritage Foundation: http://www.heritage.org/research/nationalsecurity/
- Lexington Institute: http://www.lexingtoninstitute.org/defense
- National Institute for Public Policy: http://www.nipp.org/
- Potomac Institute: http://www.potomacinstitute.org/
Academic/organizationally neutral 
- Brookings Institution: http://www.brookings.edu/foreign-policy.aspx
- Center for International Security and Cooperation (Stanford): http://cisac.stanford.edu/
- Center for International and Security Studies (Maryland): http://www.cissm.umd.edu/
- Council on Foreign Relations: http://www.cfr.org/
- CSIS: http://csis.org/category/topics/defense-and-security
- Belfer Center (Harvard): http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/project/3/managing_the_atom.html
- Nuclear Threat Initiative: http://www.nti.org/
Travis Sharp
Communications Director & Military Policy Analyst
Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation
Council for a Livable World
Phone: 202-543-4100 ext. 2105
Email: tsharp at armscontrolcenter.org
Web: www.armscontrolcenter.org 

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