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Ranked-Choice Voting

Amends the election procedures to use ranked-choice voting instead of plurality voting. The rationale is that plurality voting for single-positions with more than two candidates or choices creates vote-splitting and can result in the lesser-preferred candidate or choice being selected. This is particularly true when voters have very little information about how others intend to vote. Ranked-choice voting is resistant to tactical voting and is a much more robust system for determining the will of the voting population. We already use it for the topic vote. This language mirrors those voting procedures.

Current Constitution:
Article V. Section 3. No later than 30 following the closure of nominations (either 30 days following the business meeting or following a Presidential extension outlined in Section 2), the Executive Secretary shall submit to the membership by mail or email a ballot containing the names of all nominees. Members will vote for national officers and the representative of their particular region. Ballots may be returned to the Executive Secretary by mail, email, or fax. Phone balloting will not be accepted. Balloting shall cease at midnight 14 days after submission of the ballot. A plurality of ballots returned will elect. In the event of a tie between the two leading contenders for an office, their names shall be resubmitted to the membership. The Executive Secretary shall, upon receipt of a personnel ballot, provide acknowledgement of its receipt via email to the sender. The notification shall not disclose the particular vote, but is merely intended to inform the sender their ballot has been received and will be tabulated. The Executive Secretary shall inform any member of problems with their ballot at this time (e.g. improperly completed ballot). When announcing election results, the Executive Secretary shall report the total number of ballots received.

Proposed Amendment:
Section 3. No later than 30 following the closure of nominations (either 30 days following the business meeting or following a Presidential extension outlined in Section 2), the Executive Secretary shall submit to the membership by mail or email a ballot containing the names of all nominees. Members will vote for national officers and the representative of their particular region. Ballots may be returned to the Executive Secretary by mail, email, or fax. Phone balloting will not be accepted. Balloting shall cease at midnight 14 days after submission of the ballot. Elections will be determined through a proportional voting system. Voters will be required to rank as many choices as they wish, consecutively, with one being the first rank. All first place votes will be counted. If one choice receives a majority, it wins. If not, the choice with the LEAST first place votes will be thrown out, and ballots that had the discarded choice as first will be counted using their second place votes. This process will be repeated until one choice attains a majority. If two or more of the choices to be eliminated have equal numbers of first place votes, they will be eliminated together, with second place votes for both added to the respective first place totals on the same round. If a choice is eliminated and its second choice is already eliminated, that ballot's third choice will count as a first choice, and so forth. In the event of a tie, the nominee with the highest number of initial first-place votes will win. If still tied, the nominee with the highest number of second-place votes will win, and so forth. The Executive Secretary shall, upon receipt of a personnel ballot, provide acknowledgement of its receipt via email to the sender. The notification shall not disclose the particular vote, but is merely intended to inform the sender their ballot has been received and will be tabulated. The Executive Secretary shall inform any member of problems with their ballot at this time (e.g. improperly completed ballot). When announcing election results, the Executive Secretary shall report the total number of ballots received.

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Amendment: